The oral cavity is an important part of the entire human body, but oral health isn’t optimistic. People’s awareness of oral health has not improved with the improvement of living standards. People do not realize that oral health is related to the physical and mental health of the whole person, and oral problems can also cause various diseases of the body. Some systemic diseases may have corresponding characterizations in the mouth, and sometimes even early or only manifestations.
- The mouth is the mirror of the body
Oral health is closely related to general health. Understanding the close relationship between oral health and general health and how they interact with each other is important to know how to maintain oral and physical health at all ages. Oral health doesn’t just mean a bright smile; careful observation of the mouth reveals symptoms of malnutrition and other diseases, as well as unhealthy habits such as smoking and drinking, all of which reveal general health.
A healthy mouth can make people talk, smile, eat, get into the water, and perform other functions. It can also promote social interaction and enhance self-esteem. An unhealthy mouth can cause discomfort, pain, illness, and can lead to social isolation and lack of confidence while affecting work or school.
- There is a two-way relationship between oral health and general health.
There are many forms of oral disease, the most common being rickets, and gum disease. Improper management can have a negative impact on other parts of the body, which is why oral health is critical to the health and well-being of people of all ages. Systemic health also increases the risk of oral problems. For example, oral diseases are associated with diabetes, heart disease, respiratory diseases, and some cancers, and diabetes increases the risk of periodontal disease. Poor oral health and poor overall health are mutually causal. Poor oral health and poor overall health are mutually causal. Take action to maintain oral health, maintain general health and quality of life “focus on the mouth, focus on health.”
Oral diseases can affect nutritional status, physiological conditions, etc., and oral diseases can also form oral lesions, which directly affect the overall health, oral health is a mirror of physical health. Our common oral lesions include chronic pulpitis, periapical periodontitis, periodontitis, pericoronitis, etc., and after we have eliminated suspicious oral lesions, the symptoms of certain systemic diseases can be gradually alleviated or even healed.
According to the World Health Organization’s Global Health Observatory, the global death toll in 2015 was 56.4 million, of which 39.5 million died of non-communicable diseases. It mainly includes heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes. Maintaining oral health is critical to maintaining overall health and well-being.
- The effect of oral diseases on general health
Oral diseases can pose a threat to general health, leading to and exacerbating many systemic diseases.
- The heart disease
The pathogenic bacteria of oral diseases and the toxins produced by them can invade the blood, aggravating or causing heart diseases such as subacute infective endocarditis and coronary heart disease. A large number of studies have confirmed that periodontitis is an independent risk factor for acute exacerbation of coronary heart disease and is significantly associated with acute or total mortality.
- The respiratory disease
Oral diseases are associated with aspiration pneumonia due to various causes. According to relevant statistics, 80% of the cause of pneumonia is inhalation of bacteria and secretions in the mouth and throat, and most of these secretions come from the mouth.
- The diabetes
A large number of studies have shown that there are common risk factors for diabetes and periodontal disease, and they are high-risk factors. Studies have shown that diabetic patients often have different degrees of oral lesions. In diabetic patients, the incidence of periodontal disease is high, lesion damage is serious and progress is more rapid. At the same time, glycemic control in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with severe periodontitis is significantly worse than in patients without periodontal disease. In the case of periodontal disease, blood glucose is difficult to control, and the dose of the drug needs to be increased; 82% of patients with the severe periodontal disease develop cardiovascular complications, while only 21% of patients with the mild periodontal disease develop cardiovascular complications. The American Diabetes Association has asked questions and understanding the dental conditions and treatments of diabetic patients in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.
- The gastrointestinal disease
Gastrointestinal ulcers are caused by Helicobacter pylori, and there is a large amount of Helicobacter pylori in the mouth. It is easy to remove Helicobacter pylori in the stomach, and Helicobacter is difficult to remove and become a bacterial library.
- The cerebrovascular disease
There is a correlation between periodontal disease and carotid plaque thickening. Carotid plaque thickening is a measure of atherosclerosis. This suggests that the correlation mechanism between the two diseases is actually an effect on atherosclerosis. Periodontitis is a risk factor for stroke as greater than smoking and is independent of other known risk factors. It has been reported that 25% of stroke patients have oral infections, compared with only 2.5% in the control group.
- Impact on maternal and fetal
Current research has shown that periodontal disease is one of the risk factors for the birth of low birth weight infants. The risk of preterm birth and low birth weight in pregnant women with severe periodontitis is 7.5 times higher than that of normal periodontal pregnant women, which is greater than the effect of smoking and drinking on low birth weight infants.
- Affect growth and development
The chewing function is reduced, resulting in partial eclipse and loss of appetite, resulting in weakened gastrointestinal digestion and absorption, malnutrition, and growth and development.
- The rheumatoid arthritis
The incidence of rheumatoid arthritis in patients with periodontal disease is 3.95%, and the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis in the general population is 0.66%.62.5% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis were associated with moderate or severe periodontal disease, and only 43.8% of people without rheumatoid arthritis had moderate or severe periodontal disease.